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Type 1 Diabetes & Type 2 Diabetes Causes, Risk and Treatment

What Is Diabetes?

Diabetes mellitus is also known as Diabetes. This is a disease based on the convergence of food into energy for your body. The food you eat is turned into energy to provide your body fuel. Carbs have been converted to sugar or glucose that sends it to the bloodstream. Pancreas release hormone insulin that helps to move glucose from your blood to your cells. Wher you can sue it as a source of energy. But, if you have Diabetes, then this energy remains in your body and leads to developing high blood sugar, causing health damage. However, the cure for Diabetes still not found. But, it can be managed through treatment and changes in lifestyle.

Types Of Diabetes

Type 1 and 2 are the main types of Diabetes. These types are chronic diseases that affect blood sugar or glucose regulation in the body. Your body uses glucose as fuel to function—glucose used by the cells for working with the help of insulin. Your body cells can’t use glucose if they do not have insulin. Here the problem began and called type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Diabetes 1 and 2 are different from each other because in type 1 diabetes person can’t produce insulin, and people with type 2 diabetes can not respond to insulin.

Moreover, people with type 2 diabetes develop the risk of insulin production in the later stages of this disease. This is a chronic disease that lasts for whole life and affects blood sugar levels in the body. Thus, it can lead to ramp-up diabetes complications.

Symptoms Of Diabetes

If diabetes not controlled and treated, both types have the same sings. Some of them include:

  • Feeling very hungry
  • Feeling very thirsty (drink a lot of water)
  • Feeling very fatigued
  • Frequent urination
  • Blur vision
  • Lack of healing capacity for cuts or sores
  • Mood swings, irritability
  • Unintentional weight lose
  • Numbness and tingling in their hands or feet

All these symptoms vary from person to person. Most of the signs and symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes are the same. The different thing is that people with type 1 diabetes may experience the symptoms in initial stages. On the other hand, people with type 2 diabetes sometimes do not experience the symptoms, and they eventually came to know about the disease when complications increased. Type 1 diabetes symptoms develop within a week and known as juvenile diabetes. It develops in childhood or adolescence, but there is a possibility to get it later.


Although both of these diseases are the type of diabetes, they are having significant differences in causes. Its causes are:

Type 1 Diabetes Causes

The research has proven that Type 1 diabetes happened due to the immunity system mistake for cells. The immune system is responsible for the protection of the body from outer disease and harmful bacterias. But, people with type 2 diabetes have issues in their immune system, which kill the protective cells of the body and cause the pancreas too not produce insulin. In the destruction of cells, beta cells also destroyed, and insulin production disturbed. It has not clear why the immune system started to attack body cells. Some genetic and environmental factors can also cause this disease. However, researchers are still on the way to coin out the reason behind this cause.

Type 2 Diabetes Cause

Type 2 diabetes happened due to resistance to insulin. People with this type are resistant to insulin. They can produce insulin, but they can’t use it effectively. In return. Insulin started to accumulate in the body and lead to severe health issues. It is not sure why some people become insulin resistant, and some feel nothing.  Research also found that different lifestyle factors such as weight gain and inactive living may contribute to its cause.

Diagnose Type 1 And Type 2 Diabetes

Both types can be diagnosed with the help of an initial test called glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test. This test determines your average blood sugar level for the past two to three months. It is a blood test that has been conducted by your doctor with a finger prick. If you have higher levels of A1C, than there will be higher blood sugar levels for pats five months, on the other hand, 6.5 or higher A1C levels predict diabetes.

Risk Factors That Contribute To Type 1 And Type 2 Diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes Risk Factors

If a family member from paren has type 1 diabetes, then there chances to transfer ith the new generation.

  • It can appear at any age, but it is more common in adolescents and children.
  • Genes also play a vital role in developing type 1 diabetes.
  • It is a chronic disease that not prevented.

Type 2 Diabetes Risk Factors

  • Prediabetic person
  • Overweight or obese
  • A family member with type 2 diabetes
  • Age over 45
  • Physically inactive
  • Suffering from gestational diabetes
  • Given birth to 9 pounds weighing baby
  • African-American, Hispanic or Latino American, American Indian, or Alaska Native
  • Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome
  • Excessive belly fat

How Can You Treat Type 1 And Type 2 Diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes, both are types of diabetes. But they are not the same.

Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes cannot be treated. People with type 1 diabetes are unable to produce insulin, and they have to take an injection of insulin regularly in their bodies. They injected into soft tissues such as arm, stomach,  or buttocks. It is injected several times a day, according to the need and doctor recommendation. Some people use insulin pumps to supply insulin with a small tube. Blood sugar testing is essential for the management of type 1 diabetes because blood sugar levels always fluctuate very quickly.

Type 2 Diabetes

This type of diabetes can be controlled or reversed with diet and exercise. But some people need additional things to support management. You can make a blend of lifestyle changes and prescribe medications as per the suggestion of your doctor. It works more effectively to use insulin within your body. Moreover, blood sugar monitoring also crucial for its management because it is the only way to be aware of the target level. You can check it by yourself, or your doctor occasionally checks it. In the case of high blood sugar, you can use insulin injections. Being careful to balance your blood sugar levels and reduce the risk of complications.

Additionally, you can maintain your diet to treat this disease naturally. Nutritional values matter a lot for this disease. Make a plan by consulting with your doctor how much insulin you have to inject after a particular food. It will help you positively to maintain healthy blood sugar levels. However, type 2 diabetes can be managed with healthy eating and weight loss. So, take the low-calorie diet, also avoid junk foods and animal fats.


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